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The story of Rofen..


... a place with tradition!

Rofen as well as Vent were populated from the Schnalstal valley across the Niederjoch peak. The first documeted reference comes from the 13th century. Shepherds spent the summers here with their flocks.

In the early autumn, they were surprised by large amounts of snow and unable to return home across the 3006 m high Niederjoch. They were forced to spend the winter here in makeshift huts. This is how the first settlement came about.

Rofen, die highest permanently inhabited settlement of Austria and the Eastern Alps. It has a special story:

As certified "Schildhof" they had special rights since 1348, assigned to them by a protection letter called „Ludwig the Brandenburger“ against the bishop of Chur. Thus Rofen had its own court until 1803, that belonged to the circle of Bolzano. They had tax exemption, hunting rights, fishing rights and also the right to carry weapons.

When the Tyrolean regional sovereign „Duke Friederich with the empty pockets“ fell into disgrace with the emperor Siegmund, he was outlawed and kept prisoner in Constanz (Council of Constanz 1411 to 1414). His captivity ended when he escaped on 23 March1416. His flight led him high up into the Ötz Valley Mountains to the Rofen settlement at more than 2000m above sea level where he found refuge. As a consequence, the right of asylum was conveyed upon Rofen by Duke Friedrich.

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